A 16" x 20" full-color art print by author/historian/illustrator DON HOLLWAY
The Battle of Verdun began on 21 February 1916. Five days later Sub-Lt. Jean Navarre—already famed as the “Sentinel of Verdun” for his aerobatics over the trenches in his tricolored Nieuport 11 Bébé—was credited with the first French double victory of the war. Records describing his victims as a pair of two-seaters mention two pilots killed (Ltns Georg Heine and Alfons von Zeddelmann) but just one observer (Oblt Heinrich Kempf) taken prisoner. This suggests it was a two-seater which Navarre drove down at Dieue-sur-Meuse, but as his second victim met him head-on—not a two-seater tactic—it was likely a Fokker E.III escort fighter. It crashed at Manheulles to become Navarre’s fifth victory, earning him the coveted title of “ace.”
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